Fort Scratchley is one of the most significant military sites in Australia. An earthen battery was constructed to protect the harbour in 1828, and the prominent headline site was developed over the years into its current form. It is the only site in Australia to have fired shots in defence, after a Japanese submarine had shelled the city during WWII. It was decommissioned in 1962 and closed in 1972, since when it has operated as a museum and visitor centre. During 2004-06, the site was transferred from the Federal Government to Newcastle City Council. We worked with the council officers to prepare a formal Plan of Management for the site, to guide all future use and management, covering issues such as heritage significance, community access, and economic viability.